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Astigmatism

Astigmatism Is Not An Eye Disease Or Health Problem, In Fact, Most Of The People Are Born With A Minor Degree Of It. It Is An Eye Condition That Can Cause Blurred Or Distorted Vision. Other Symptoms May Also Include Eyestrain, Fatigue, And Headache In Case Of Long Periods Of Focusing On Something, Like Working On A Computer Or Reading A Book. On The Other Hand, These Symptoms Are Not Merely Attached To This Specific Ailment And There Can Be Other Reasons As Well. But One Should Schedule An Eye Examination In Case Of Such Symptoms.

The main cause of the problem is an irregular shaped cornea or lens. The light ray has to pass through the cornea as well as the eye lens to reach the retina at the back of the eye. If any of these two has an irregular shape, it will distort the light ray passing through it, refracting more in one direction than other, causing a blurred or distorted vision. The vision is unclear as if you are watching into some fun house mirror with very tall or very small and irregularly shaped images.

Following are two major types of astigmatism.

Regular Astigmatism: This condition is caused when the cornea is not smooth and is curved more in one direction. Usually, it is a by the birth condition.

Irregular Astigmatism: In this condition either the curvature of the cornea is bent into multiple directions or is steeper towards the lower side. This is usually caused due to an eye injury resulting in a scar on the cornea.

Most of the people born with this problem also have any other refractive defect, like nearsightedness or farsightedness. Adults who have a higher degree of the ailment can detect the problem with their vision, but children are unable to differentiate the blurred or distorted vision from the normal condition. Hence, their life is affected badly, specifically when it comes to academics. Therefore, it is more important for children to have a regular eye examination.

The problem can be treated by using glasses or contact lens depending on the severity of the problem. In some cases, refractive eye surgery or laser treatment is also an option and can eliminate the problem permanently.

Up till now, the main cause of this problem is known. The only way to protect yourself and your family is to have a regular eye examination so that the problem could be detected and treated at the initial level.

Amblyopia "lazy Eye"

Amblyopia "Lazy Eye" is the vision development disorder where an eye would fail to attain normal visual acuity despite the use of prescription contact lenses or eyeglasses. This kind of eye disorder usually begins during the infancy stage of a person throughout their early childhood. Most of the time, those who suffer from this eye problem would have their one eye affected only. There are also cases when the visual acuity of both eyes is reduced.

When lazy eye is diagnosed in its early stage, it can be easily treated as well as prevent the effects of reduced vision. If it was diagnosed and was left untreated, it can cause blindness to the affected eye.

Signs and Symptoms of Those with Amblyopia

Since this kind of eye problem usually starts during the infant vision development stage, diagnosing the symptoms can be a bit difficult. Some of the symptoms that you can check with your child are the following:

  • Crossed eye or those with strabismus can also lead to lazy eye. If you notice that your child is suffering from eye misalignment, it is best that you get his eyes checked.

  • When you notice your child that is crying or fussing when one of his eyes is covered, then this is a clear clue. When performing visual tasks like watching TV, try covering one of his eyes. If he objects after covering one eye, then you have covered the good eye and left the bad eye open.

These are just some of the common signs that should indicate your child having this eye disorder. When you notice any of these signs present with your child, then it is best that you bring him immediately to a professional ophthalmologist or optometrist.

What Causes It

There are different reasons why a child may suffer from this eye problem and the most common causes are:

  • Strabismic

    This is the condition where your child has crossed eyes or misaligned eyes. The brain would ignore the overall visual input coming from the eye affected that may lead to lazy eye.

  • Refractive

    Unequal refractive errors of both eyes can also cause the problem despite having normal eye alignment. The brain would rely on the eye with lesser uncorrected error and then tunes ones the one with blurred vision that leads to lazy eye as the other eye is continuously disused.

  • Deprivation

    It is the condition where something is obstructing light from getting inside the eyes and being focused on it. This would often be noticed with kids having congenital cataract. Immediate treatment is required to attain normal vision development.

Treatments Available

The usual treatment available for Amblyopia "Lazy Eye" is correcting refractive errors completely. It can either be through the use of contact lenses or glasses. Another treatment is the use of an eye patch on the good eye for forcing the brain in paying attention on the visual input that the amblyopic eye produces. This is believed to enable the vision development on the affected eye occur normally. For the proper treatment on the lazy eye problem of your child, it is best that you talk to an eye specialist immediately.

Things You Need To Know Before Getting A Fertility Doctor

Infertility is the biggest problem encountered by a lot of couples today. Not being able to have a child is a great frustration. Some have been seeing their Obstetricians and Gynaecologists and some tend to seek for a quack doctors help. But among other things, a woman trying to become pregnant should know certain things first before seeing a fertility doctor.

You should start with a general gynaecologist or reproductive endocrinologist. The reason behind this is that they can do the first level of evaluating your condition and provide you with the basic infertility treatment. However, you shouldnt be getting anyone you bump into. Make sure you look at the doctors experience and trainings acquired.

For most women, they assume that they are seeing fertility specialists even if they're not. Try asking if your doctor is a fellowship trained fertility specialist or not. To find out, ask if she has attended Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility fellowship, which is a three year period of specializing in fertility right after graduating a 4-year course. You should also know at what point you will be referred to a fertility doctor. In most cases, a patient is referred after 6 to 12 succeeding months of treatment. On the other hand, there are cases wherein a patient is referred depending on certain factors like age and the main cause of being unable to conceive.

If you are a good candidate for IVF or In Vitro Fertilization, still there are many things to consider. One is the reliability of the fertility doctor or clinic that will handle your case. Know the numbers like the total pregnancies, on-going, and live births they have in record. Knowing this will strengthen up your hope and make you determined in reaching your goal to have a baby.

Of course, the cost of the treatment shouldnt be overlooked. Sometimes, couples seeking for infertility solution get tired and frustrated with the changing costs their doctors give them. That is why it is very important to make sure that you have understood how they come up with the cost. It would be better if you ask if it is all inclusive or not. Also, dont forget to ask whether lab tests are included or you will have to pay for each time you will undergo some tests. IVF is a very expensive procedure therefore; you should take every single detail seriously.

Being in this difficult situation, the least thing that you could do is find a reliable and successful fertility clinic and be handled with a fertility doctor you are comfortable with.

New Alternative Treatments For Knee Arthritis

You will find many deceptive statements in the press, on the internet along with claims made by providers who maintain that certain pills, injections or perhaps stem cells can reverse the arthritis process. Regrettably many of these statements are totally false.

According to research, there is absolutely no medical evidence that has proven that by having an injection into your knee joint or receiving a special tablet, your arthritis will resolve. There is nothing that can stop a knee-joint that has signs of arthritic changes, from continuing to wear out and degrade.

Stem Cells:

I'm all for on-going research in to this area however studies havenât shown much improvement. Actually many surgeons actually warn patients when determining whether to invest a money on something that is still unproven. Often stem cell knee treatments can cost over $10,000. Sometimes with no result. I would advise patients to not be spending that type of cash when there's no proof that my knee pain will be fixed by it and reverse your knee arthritis.

We all like to consider that our arthritis would be cured by stem cells. Sadly this really is incorrect and this has not been shown by any controlled scientific study. There are ongoing studies considering how an injection of stem cells might influence the knee. We are still awaiting the results of studies that demonstrate one way or another that stem cells may be a beneficial improvement to the treatment of joint arthritis.

However some evidence of research has shown improvement in knee pain symptoms and that stem cells can reduce the need for knee surgery.

Knee Replacement Surgery

Modern day knee joint substitutions are a successful method to handle immobility and end stage arthritic leg pain and discomfort. It's never really too overdue to re-place the knee so if you're able to handle with your present arthritic knee,keep going until such time as it becomes too unpleasant and is interfering along with your quality of life.

Related to hip replacement surgery, a knee replacement is signified when a patient has advanced osteoarthritis of the knee joint and low-surgical measures (eg. weight reduction, inflamatories , physiotherapy etc) are no further controlling your pain.

Types of Knee Replacement:

Arthritic knees that require surgery usually necessitate An Overall Total Knee Replacement. A half knee replacing that was unicompartmental or â is allowed for a choose few patients who have leg arthritis isolated to one area of the knee joint and who satisfy other preoperative criteria. The revision speed of an unicompartmental knee-replacement is considerably higher that a total knee-replacement (16% vs 6% at 11 years) and therefore there are stringent demands in patient choice.

You may possibly have learned about computer navigation, patient instruments etc. that were specific These are just resources that some surgeons utilize to align the alternative during surgery. There are no scientific studies that have established a standard surgical technique utilizing instrumentation is any better than patient blocks that are matched by computer modelling and OFFERED by the knee specialist doing the operation. Experienced surgeons will balance and align the implants perfectly.

It is anticipated (lab studies) a well aligned and working knee replacement should last around 25-30 years prior to the plastic wears out.

The International Joint Registry shows that in case you are avove the age of 65 your alteration rate is less than 5% and that knee substitutes that are productive have on average 6% modification rate at 1 1 years pursuing surgery and your revision rate is not as much than 3%. Younger patients have greater rates of modification.

An overall total knee-replacement is designed to re-surface the femur, shin and in-between tibia and the femur is a coating of polyethelene. The polyethelene (plastic shock absorber) is the showing area which ALL knee replacements utilize. Unlike in hip arthroplasty there's no earthenware on ceramic knee-replacement having. There's also NO metal on metal showing s O the problem that occurred on-metal hi-P replacements with some metal does not exist in knee replacements.

In other phrases select a surgeon who's proficient at would he does utilizing ANY approach and you need to have an excellent long-term outcome.

Knee substitutes can either be cemented onto the bone or employed in a un-cemented manner where the bone develops onto the prosthesis. There is absolutely no technological proof that one method is better than the other. As individuals tend to recover somewhat quicker with regards to pain and comfort my inclination is definitely to use cement.

The final say on knee replacement.

Patients are not unable to perform sport including golfing, ski, tennis, bowls, cycle, swimming etc BUT a knee-replacement is just not designed for impact sports like hockey, con Tact sports, jogging, squash that results in important and continuous impact on the leg.

Surgical procedure is indicated when non-operative measures no longer control the pain and also your standard of living is appreciably changed. More than 85% of knee replacements will realize a great pain free functional result however there are some patients (around 5%) that will still have a niggling aching in the changed knee joint.

Until some thing happens to them that triggers pain we tend to ignore our legs. We can really help ourselves before there's a problem if all of us consider good care of our legs now. In addition, if some problems with the joints develop, a workout plan can be extremely beneficial. We've included an interactive presentation that was animated to understand the functions, states, surgeries & methods of the knee better.

Natural Treatments That Bring About Tinnitus Relief

Tinnitus is a maddening but mostly mild condition that has a negative effect on the ears as it causes persistent ringing sounds. In most cases, the affected will feel better with time but if the noise is a symptom of an underlying condition, treating the disorder helps reduce the sounds. The common cause for this vexatious problem is damage caused to the inner ear cells. Exposure to loud noise, age-related deafness, injuries that affect the nerves within the ears. There are certain ways to obtain remedy relief for tinnitus and we will deal with them in this article.

This also includes stiffening ear bones naturally occurring as we age. More common factors such as earwax blockages and certain other health conditions can cause or worsen tinnitus too. If for example, the tinnitus is brought about by build-up of earwax, pressurized water or eardrops can be used to clear the canal. The cause of tinnitus, in most cases, is undeterminable hence treatment is aimed at managing the condition. Although there are various treatment suggestions people can resort to, natural remedies are the most holistic and preferable. Those who have used Gingko biloba will know it is a well-studied and investigated natural herbal solution for a considerable number of health conditions one of them being tinnitus.

It has been established that the herb functions to improve blood circulation, especially to the edges of the body in areas such as the head and brain. If the ringing noises are subsequently because of by circulatory problems, then Gingko will most likely be able to take care of it, otherwise the herb will merely be a memory boost. Gingko is taken in capsule form (240mg), daily, in divided doses. It is however not a quick relief for tinnitus but the individual will notice that their thinking becomes sharper within the first week of use. Relief from tinnitus can take up to 6 weeks and once achieved, the dose can be lowered to about 40-60 mg daily.

Apple cider vinegar is an anti-inflammatory agent with antifungal properties which when taken as a tonic daily, alkalizes the body and brings about tinnitus relief. The alkalinity due to vinegar helps maintain the body at its natural levels. More so, the process also eradicates underlying infection as well as fungus that could be causing the condition. Apple cider vinegar is taken in three doses of 5mls daily. Since tinnitus often arises from the damage of cells of the ear, replenishing these cell is usually the focus of most natural remedies.

Nevertheless, affected individuals are encouraged to increase their exercise by any degree so as to improve their blood and oxygen flow. It is also said that good resting habits can help reduce the ringing although sleeping with the noise can be quite difficult. People are thus advised to try diverting their tinnitus by listening to white fan distraction noises, or nature sounds.

Clearing the sinuses will also relieve the discomfort due to the ear, nose and throat connection. Changing the diet is important. While foods do not trigger tinnitus, they can increase the discomfort. Reducing alcohol intake and caffeine is thought to stop the sounds from increasing in intensity. On the other hand, fruits, beans and green vegetables are great in reducing inflammation in the ears. These tinnitus treatment methods may not completely cure, but they will leave the affected more at ease.

Factors Behind Substance Abuse In Adolescents



Pretty much any human being is capable of abusing substances. The bodies of humans are naturally equipped with hormones that can induce feelings of well-being, contentment, and joy. These substances that can enhance or induce the said feelings are definitely attractive and perhaps even addictive to most people. However, the trouble begins when the body starts to produce less of the said hormones in response to the frequent use. When this happens, the person starts to crave more and more of artificial substances to get high, and a dependence on the drugs is born.

Adolescents, in particular, are quite vulnerable to the potential of abusing substances. These days, quite a few of them end up in a substance abuse center (or in a completely different place for that matter). But what sorts of factors make adolescents or teenagers susceptible to abusing substances? What things should counselors in places like the abuse treatment center keep in mind in order to treat teenage addicts better? 1.) Teenagers are extra sensitive to social cues. As they enter into adulthood, they tend to be easily influenced by the sort of behavior exhibited by their families. Adolescents who have grown up watching one parent or two coming in and out of a place like the center, for example, are more likely to develop the same problem than their peers who had a more stable upbringing.

Pressure from peer groups also has an influence on whether a child ends up abusing certain substances or not. Teenagers typically like to belong to a particular group, and the incumbent members may sometimes pressure aspiring ones into doing things that they might be uncomfortable with, at least at first.

2.) Adolescent brains are also constantly under an immature psychosocial and neuro-cognitive stage of development. As a result, teenagers are often quite impulsive, especially with regards to their decision-making process. This stage of the cerebral development is usually completed upon reaching maturity. But, the tendency to make bad decisions with regards to abusing substances, usually brought about by weakened self- control and rather atrocious planning, is very much rife in the years between 11-18 years old.

3.) In some cases, an adolescent who is already struggling with pre- existing mental conditions such as depressive anxiety disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) also has a harder time resisting the temptation to abuse substances. Sometimes, they may even end up abusing the very medications prescribed to help them control or manage their mental conditions.

Natural Treatments That Bring About Tinnitus Relief

This also includes stiffening ear bones naturally occurring as we age. More common factors such as earwax blockages and certain other health conditions can cause or worsen tinnitus too. If for example, the tinnitus is brought about by build-up of earwax, pressurized water or eardrops can be used to clear the canal. The cause of tinnitus, in most cases, is undeterminable hence treatment is aimed at managing the condition. Although there are various treatment suggestions people can resort to, natural remedies are the most holistic and preferable. Those who have used Gingko biloba will know it is a well-studied and investigated natural herbal solution for a considerable number of health conditions one of them being tinnitus.

It has been established that the herb functions to improve blood circulation, especially to the edges of the body in areas such as the head and brain. If the ringing noises are subsequently because of by circulatory problems, then Gingko will most likely be able to take care of it, otherwise the herb will merely be a memory boost. Gingko is taken in capsule form (240mg), daily, in divided doses. It is however not a quick relief for tinnitus but the individual will notice that their thinking becomes sharper within the first week of use. Relief from tinnitus can take up to 6 weeks and once achieved, the dose can be lowered to about 40-60 mg daily.

Apple cider vinegar is an anti-inflammatory agent with antifungal properties which when taken as a tonic daily, alkalizes the body and brings about tinnitus relief. The alkalinity due to vinegar helps maintain the body at its natural levels. More so, the process also eradicates underlying infection as well as fungus that could be causing the condition. Apple cider vinegar is taken in three doses of 5mls daily. Since tinnitus often arises from the damage of cells of the ear, replenishing these cell is usually the focus of most natural remedies.



Nevertheless, affected individuals are encouraged to increase their exercise by any degree so as to improve their blood and oxygen flow. It is also said that good resting habits can help reduce the ringing although sleeping with the noise can be quite difficult. People are thus advised to try diverting their tinnitus by listening to white fan distraction noises, or nature sounds.

Clearing the sinuses will also relieve the discomfort due to the ear, nose and throat connection. Changing the diet is important. While foods do not trigger tinnitus, they can increase the discomfort. Reducing alcohol intake and caffeine is thought to stop the sounds from increasing in intensity. On the other hand, fruits, beans and green vegetables are great in reducing inflammation in the ears. These tinnitus treatment methods may not completely cure, but they will leave the affected more at ease.