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Factors Behind Substance Abuse In Adolescents



Pretty much any human being is capable of abusing substances. The bodies of humans are naturally equipped with hormones that can induce feelings of well-being, contentment, and joy. These substances that can enhance or induce the said feelings are definitely attractive and perhaps even addictive to most people. However, the trouble begins when the body starts to produce less of the said hormones in response to the frequent use. When this happens, the person starts to crave more and more of artificial substances to get high, and a dependence on the drugs is born.

Adolescents, in particular, are quite vulnerable to the potential of abusing substances. These days, quite a few of them end up in a substance abuse center (or in a completely different place for that matter). But what sorts of factors make adolescents or teenagers susceptible to abusing substances? What things should counselors in places like the abuse treatment center keep in mind in order to treat teenage addicts better? 1.) Teenagers are extra sensitive to social cues. As they enter into adulthood, they tend to be easily influenced by the sort of behavior exhibited by their families. Adolescents who have grown up watching one parent or two coming in and out of a place like the center, for example, are more likely to develop the same problem than their peers who had a more stable upbringing.

Pressure from peer groups also has an influence on whether a child ends up abusing certain substances or not. Teenagers typically like to belong to a particular group, and the incumbent members may sometimes pressure aspiring ones into doing things that they might be uncomfortable with, at least at first.

2.) Adolescent brains are also constantly under an immature psychosocial and neuro-cognitive stage of development. As a result, teenagers are often quite impulsive, especially with regards to their decision-making process. This stage of the cerebral development is usually completed upon reaching maturity. But, the tendency to make bad decisions with regards to abusing substances, usually brought about by weakened self- control and rather atrocious planning, is very much rife in the years between 11-18 years old.

3.) In some cases, an adolescent who is already struggling with pre- existing mental conditions such as depressive anxiety disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) also has a harder time resisting the temptation to abuse substances. Sometimes, they may even end up abusing the very medications prescribed to help them control or manage their mental conditions.

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